Flora and Fauna:
...continuing the walk with me, in the Maryland
Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum)
Lily Family (liliaceae)
Bloom: Early Spring
Propagation: Seed, Offsets
Habitat: rich woodlands and meadows
In rich moist woods in early March,one of my favorite native wildflowers,
a tiny lily only six to ten inches tall can be found in the woodland regions
of Maryland and other surrounding states,. This beautiful member of the Lily
Family is a welcome spring sight and has many common names, including Trout
Lily, Adder's Tongue, and Dog-tooth Violet.
The Trout Lily is pollinated by ants, and after a seed is planted, it will
take up to seven years to make a mature plant. Only plants that have two
leaves will flower.
The mature plant has two mottled basal leaves, and a small lily nodding from
the top of a leafless stem (scape). The lily is yellow, with three sepals
and three petals (six tepals). The sepals are yellow on the inside and purplish
brown on the back. The petals are entirely yellow. The lily opens each morning
and closes each night, but during the middle of a bright day the tepals open
so far that they are all curved backwards (reflexed).
The plant grows from a deep rootstock or *corm which is three to eight inches
underground, and it often spreads from offshoots of this corm, thus creating
colonies of trout lilies. They grow best in a deciduous woodland environment
where they receive filtered light in the spring. They prefer a humus rich
This beautiful native flower is related to the Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lilly
(Erythronium propullans) This is a endangered native species only found in
Goodhue and Rice County, Minnesota. For more information and photos of this
lovely speciman , check out this site:
I love taking a trip down to the creek with my dogs
What a beautiful combination!
Common blue violets (viola sororia) with Spring Beauty
(claytonia virginica) in a natural setting!
Mushrooms growing on tree
I hope you enjoyed this nature walk with me...